Before European settlement, Argentina was home to indigenous people who lived in small villages and hunted and grew crops for their food. Spanish incursions into Argentina began in the 1500s, and in time, the Spanish established several large towns. Buenos Aires which was founded in 1580. By then, most of the country had come under Spanish rule. On May 25, 1810, Argentina gained its independence from Spain, and the day became known as the May Revolution. This event was so important to the Argentine people that it is remembered in monuments across the country. In this Expedition, we’ll visit several of Buenos Aires’s plazas and the historic buildings that surround them.